Community treatment programs utilize the resources and can be effective in reintegrating for adapting to their environment.
Massachusetts in 1969 was on of first to remove juveniles from institutions and other states followed in favor of non-secure, community-based facilities. The 1980s saw more violent offenses shifting public opinion. And funding ended leaving communities, without elaborate network services, unable to finance programs.
The younger less sophisticated boy with less deep-seated problems is more likely shocked into reform by a jail experience than those with more serious records. Yet the harmful effects of an institutional experience eventually surface in higher recidivism rates that effect everyone.
Nonresidential provide treatment not punishment while remaining at home: electronic monitoring, day treatment, restitution, dry testing, mandatory curfews, etc.
Boot Camp’s criticism relates to vulnerability to aggression and abuse of power that may be counterproductive to rehabilitation. Demeaning or dehumanizing epithets can further lower self-esteem.
Youth from a dysfunctional background may not be successful without emphasis on family. Therefore a holistic approach is needed.
Next blog will cover labeling.